Praises To 21 Taras
1. Nyurma Pamo
The ultimate nature is often described as our true Mother. It is she who gives birth to and develops our own enlightened mind.
In Buddhism this principle is represented by the female Buddha Mother Tara. It is Tarawho reveals herself in different forms and qualities of the enlightened mind, helping us to overcome all fears and difficulties on the way.
One of the root texts in the Tibetan Buddhism, practiced in all four traditions is “Praises to the twenty-one Tara”. And the 21 forms of Tara are:
2. Loter Yangchenma
The name of the first Tara, with all her Tibetan titles, is Jetsun Drolma Nyurma Pamo. Nyurma means that Tara’s activity is very quick and swift, without delay. Pamo is the feminine form of the term for a hero, which can be translated as “heroine”. It describes Tara’s heroic courage and commitment to the liberation of all beings.
3. Sonam Tobche
The second emanation of Tara is named Loter Yangchenma. Loter means “knowledge giver”. The Tibetan term Yangchenma means “melodious, one who possesses melodies” or “source of melodies”. So we might call her Drolma Loter Yangchenma: Melodious Liberator, Source of Wisdom. In Sanskrit she is called both Sarasvati and Vajrasarasvati.
4. Tsugtor Namgyalma
The third Tara is called Tara Sonam Tobche. Sonam means “merit”. It is also often translated as “good fortune, prosperity” or even “luck”. Tob is the Tibetan word which means “power, ability”, and che means “increasing”. Roughly translated, “liberator, increasing the power of prosperity and ability of merit” is the word meaning of this Tara’s name. Other very popular names for her are Vasudhari in Sanskrit and Norjunma in Tibetan. The effect of practicing on this Tara of prosperity is not just that we will acquire external or material wealth, but also Red Tara
5. Wangdu Rigje Lhamo
that we will develop inner or spiritual wealth. By practicing on Tara Sonam Tobche, we can develop both forms of wealth.
Tsugtor in Tibetan means the topknot upon the crown chakra of a Buddha; this is one of the thirty-two marks of a fully enlightened being. Namgyal or vijaya means “victorious one”. Roughly translated, her names mean “victorious one of the top knot”. This particular Tara is renowned as the Tara of long life, with the ability to strengthen the life force, life energy, and vitality of all sentient beings. She is also protecting beings from taking rebirth in unfavourable situations or lower realms.
Dark Red Tara
6. Jigje Chenmo
The fifth Tara is Wangdu Rigje Lhamo. She is Kurukulle in Sanskrit and Rigjema or Rigje Lhamo in Tibetan. Wangdu means power of “gathering, summoning”, or “magnetizing”. We can think of it as attracting everything beneficial, to benefit all beings. Rigjema means “she who precisely understands everything”. And Lhamo is “divine lady”. So she is the Tara who precisely understands the power of magnetizing.
Dark Blue Tara
7. Zhengyi Mithumba
Kurukulle‘s practice is very extensively taught throughout Tibetan Buddhism. She is often named the “Red Tara” because of her colour.
The name of sixth Tara is Jigje Chenmo. Jigje means “fierce, frightening” and Chenmo means “Great One”, so this Tara is great, fierce Tara. She is renowned for protecting against any negative force we feel is disturbing us, whether it is due to invisible beings and negativities or visible obstacles.
Dark Red Tara
8. Zhengyi Migyalma The seventh Tara is known as Zhengyi Mithumba. Her name means “unconquerable, cannot be defeated by others.” She destroys all negativities.
Emerald Green Tara
9. Sengdeng Nagchi
Zhengyi Migyalma’s name, roughly translated means “invincible lady”. You can’t win against her. So, if you’re a mara, or demon, better leave her alone! Or better yet, be nice to her. This Tara can also protect against troublemakers, persons who criticize and harass others, and people who bring lawsuits.
10. Jigten Sumle Gyalma
Green Tara, who protects from all external fears, is named Tara Sengdeng Nagchi or sometimes Sengdeng Nagchi Drolma. The Sengdeng is a very large tree, known as teak in English. Sengdeng is considered a wrathful tree. In Tibet damaru and chod drums are made from this strong, dense wood. In Tibetan medicine the bark and resin are used to make a tea considered very beneficial for the blood. As nag means “forest”, she is the Green Tara.
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